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submitted by Ok-Acanthaceae4496 to CryptocurrencyICO [link] [comments]


2021.11.29 08:58 Fill-upRL Cosmosis explosion breaking audio

I have the cosmosis explosion and I was in a match and when I scored the audio broke for everyone and one of the opponents was like “please don’t score again” 😂 has this happened to anyone else?
submitted by Fill-upRL to RocketLeague [link] [comments]


2021.11.29 08:58 The_Troj We and 19 other content creators are giving a go at playing Grian's Last Life, but with a twist - we start in the Nether and the Overwold WILL kill us. Episode 1 out now.

We and 19 other content creators are giving a go at playing Grian's Last Life, but with a twist - we start in the Nether and the Overwold WILL kill us. Episode 1 out now. submitted by The_Troj to GetMoreViewsYT [link] [comments]


2021.11.29 08:58 Bandicoot_Maleficent Fleas? Lice? Dandruff?

We went to the dog park and the next day he was covered in white specks, like the size of the pointy end of a pin. I brush him every night and haven't noticed them before. He hasn't been itching or scratching excessively and I can't see any fleas or lice. I put what I thought was flea dirt on a wet paper towel, but it didn't turn red (nothing happened).
I treated with a spot on flea/lice treatment, but the white specks were still there today. They don't come loose when I shake his coat (or, if they do, there's so much of it that I can't tell the difference). They don't seem to be near the base of his hairs, but in the middle and ends. I'm going to give him a bath today with flea/lice shampoo, but is there any other way I can tell what the white specks are?
submitted by Bandicoot_Maleficent to puppy101 [link] [comments]


2021.11.29 08:58 OGChron Uhh does anyone know if cresselia will still spawn randomly after i accidentally ran ??? 😅😅

submitted by OGChron to PokemonBDSP [link] [comments]


2021.11.29 08:58 waspentalive Please put a Microcenter in Sacramento

We miss having a store to go to for computer parts to build your own, now that Fry's is gone.
submitted by waspentalive to Microcenter [link] [comments]


2021.11.29 08:58 aRx4ErZYc6ut35 Заголовок. Заголовок. Заголовок. Заголовок.

Заголовок. Заголовок. Заголовок. Заголовок.
https://preview.redd.it/tc77kv7exi281.jpg?width=518&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=27e23618bf3676171c9a08fc0d4e89eac712a125
submitted by aRx4ErZYc6ut35 to Pikabu [link] [comments]


2021.11.29 08:58 raindragon16 BIL Blames Behavior on Autism, Refuses to Seek Help

Long story shot, my BIL was kicked out of his parents house and he came to live with his brother and I about a year ago. He lives rent free and has his food paid for by us (his Dad cut BIL off recently). BIL has Autism, ADHD, Depression, Executive Function Disorder, and more! My husband and I have tried being gentle at first, letting him get the lay of the land, but he refuses to set timers or have a schedule to help himself do chores and just be on task for what he needs to do, rather than just losing himself in his art and saying sorry for not taking responsibility for his living conditions. Right now BIL is blaming his lack of executive functioning as to why he isn't organized or doing anything for the house. "This is just the way I am." BIL says and he can't be bothered to change. BIL refuses to see a therapist to help him with these issues, telling me, to "stop psychoanalyzing him!" But, I don't want to, I want him to seek help somewhere else, because this gentle reminder approach is not working. BIL either forgets or does a terrible job and it's causing undue stress in the house. BIL wants things to stay the same as his parents house, being waited on, no worries about food, schedules, or expectations. BIL would just fight weekly with his parents and then do what he wants. I'm wondering if I should just hammer on my BIL until he seeks help, because we can't do it anymore. Am I being too harsh? Or is my BIL just looking for an easy way out? Because, if he can't become organized for basic living, how is he going to manage a job?
submitted by raindragon16 to autism [link] [comments]


2021.11.29 08:58 realBricktastic Let's go everyone, trading likes and comments!

https://youtu.be/R6YOgE1Khqw
submitted by realBricktastic to Sub4Sub [link] [comments]


2021.11.29 08:58 Disastrous-Nebula463 A public domain document from the USG, describing detailed, specific technical benefits of additive manufacturing compared to the current state-of-the-art in rapid production and provisioning, with many parallels to (and takeaways for) civilian industrial applications.

92 Features / 3D Printing for Joint Agile Operations JFQ 95, 4th Quarter 2019
3D Printing for Joint
Agile Operations
By Jaren K. Price, Miranda C. La Bash, and Bart Land
The Navy seabase off the coast of Africa is like a floating hive, with personnel moving
about aboard multiple ships and both aircraft and landing craft launching to deliver the
second wave of the assault force to their objectives. Teams of mechanics examine several
Army and Marine Corps vehicles recovered from the beach via landing craft air cushion.
One team triages damage in preparation for repairs required for expedited return of the
vehicles to the field. Another team assesses the more significant damage done to a joint
light tactical vehicle (JLTV) that struck a mine. The mechanics submit requests for repair
parts. Some parts are immediately retrieved from stores located on the seabase, while man-
ufacturing specialists load blueprints from a database for those parts not already on hand.
Soon, three-dimensional (3D) printers hum. Meanwhile, the specialist engineering team
develops a repair solution for the JLTV, and an engineer drafts the 3D design. The new
plans are also transferred to print production. The parts are delivered to the mechanics
who then complete the repairs. Within hours, the vehicles are ready for return to their units.
I
n the near future, this scenario could
become reality. Additive manufac-
turing (AM), also known as 3D
printing, could enable future agile
operating concepts. AM has the ability
to significantly shorten the Depart-
ment of Defense (DOD) logistics chain,
especially where repair parts are con-
cerned, by producing the parts as they
are needed. This would enable rapid,
flexible response to unanticipated faults
or battle damage with reduced stockpile
requirements, increasing the agility
of the operational force. However, to
Colonel Jaren K. Price, USA, is the Deputy
Commander of the U.S. Indo-Pacific Command
Joint Intelligence Operations Center.
Lieutenant Commander Miranda C. La Bash,
USN, serves in the Intelligence Directorate
at U.S. Special Operations Pacific Command.
Major Bart Land, USAF, is the North East Asia
Logistic Planner in the Directorate of Logistics,
Engineering, and Security Cooperation at U.S.
Indo-Pacific Command.
Titanium parts printed from powder and
laser provide researchers with high-strength,
heat-resistant examples of future of additive
manufacturing (U.S. Army/David McNally)
JFQ 95, 4th Quarter 2019 Price, La Bash, and Land 93
fully and efficiently capitalize on the
potential of AM, DOD must develop
common data solutions and standard-
ized safety, certification, and requisi-
tion processes for AM, leveraging data
science to prioritize development efforts
by cost savings and implementation
impact. An integrated effort by the
joint enterprise is required to overcome
Service independence and technology
implementation challenges to make
joint agile sustainment a reality.
The December 2017 National
Security Strategy identifies Russia and
China as revisionist powers that are ac-
tively competing with the United States
across all domains.1
They have developed
weapons to asymmetrically exploit U.S.
weaknesses and create standoff through
antiaccess/area-denial and area-denial
strategies. Outside the realm of nation-
state competition, the United States
continues to carry out humanitarian and
antiterrorism operations in austere envi-
ronments. These developments mandate
that the United States devise the means
to operate in contested environments
and in places where access to bases and
infrastructure does not readily support
operations.2
A key aspect of future opera-
tions is how to effectively sustain the joint
force.
Based on this vision for the future,
the Services have laid out concepts
and started to develop capabilities and
procedures for agile operations in an
array of denied environments. The new
operating concepts envision sustained
ground, naval, and tactical air operations
being conducted without access to ports,
airports, or staging bases for extended
periods and operating from austere air-
fields with only the minimum logistics
support. These tactics require logisticians
to develop new ways to meet the needs
of the force, providing timely sustain-
ment without the use of large land-based
logistics facilities. These concepts
include the Navy and Marine Corps’
Seabasing Concept, a variety of Air Force
Disbursed/Agile Basing Options, and the
Army’s Multidomain Operations.
Whether operating from floating
seabases, dispersed airfields, or remote
operating bases, these concepts call for
U.S. forces to be able to maneuver from
strategic distances and integrate capabili-
ties across time and space to overmatch
the enemy. Implementing these con-
cepts requires “precision logistics that
provides a reliable, agile, and responsive
sustainment capability.”3
The enemy is
expected to specifically target U.S. sus-
tainment capabilities both at home and
at deployed locations by conventional,
unconventional, and cyber means. Thus,
sustainment forces must often be dis-
persed to multiple locations, be resilient
to attack, and have enough redundancy
to maintain baseline capability in spite of
attacks on some locations. They also call
for sustaining, maintaining, and repairing
units and equipment as far forward as
possible.
The common theme among all the
operating concepts is the ability to deliver
sustainment support as far forward as
possible, reduce the requirement for large
logistic bases, and protect the joint force
through minimizing its size and opera-
tional footprint. While equipment and
spare parts make up only a small fraction
of sustainment requirements compared
with fuel and ammunition, AM at for-
ward locations would help realize these
concepts by reducing required spares
inventory, shrinking lift requirements,
creating more flexible prepositioned
stocks, and providing redundancy.
The term AM appropriately describes
a process that involves adding and
bonding consecutive layers of material,
whereas traditional (subtractive) manu-
facturing involves shaping and milling
and usually secondary materials specifi-
cally engineered for the creation of one
design (such as a mold). The removal of
material during traditional manufacturing
results in a much larger percentage of
waste of the base material than AM does.
AM generates the capability to rapidly
manufacture spare parts in the local vicin-
ity, eliminating supply chain distances and
often prolonged acquisition processes.
It has fixed per unit costs, enabling the
efficient production of small quantities of
custom parts. Besides the ability to recre-
ate previously out-of-production parts,
AM facilitates unit-level innovations such
as the production of custom tools to
solve niche problems.4
Other potential
benefits of AM for manufacturing include
networked smart factories, improved
quality control, rapid innovation, indi-
vidualization with voxel-by-voxel5
digital
modifications, and on-demand produc-
tion, reducing inventories.6
Incorporating
AM into the manufacturing process can
also reduce part count, assembly time,
and weight “while creating complex in-
ternal and external geometries that could
not be made any other way.”7
At a distance from both repair
facilities and spare parts storage, units
employing agile operating concepts
could manufacture their own replace-
ments or leverage a nearby forward base,
significantly reducing stocked inventory,
transport requirements, and time to get
needed parts to repair facilities. To main-
tain operations in denied areas, avoid
detection, reduce equipment downtime,
and maximize repair opportunities while
under way or in the field, units with AM
capabilities could create parts on demand.
Currently, each Service has its own
system of mobile warehouses that contain
replacement parts for specific weapons
systems such as fighter aircraft. Mobile
warehouses enable our current expedi-
tionary capabilities but require significant
enhancement in order to support agile
operating concepts. These mobile
warehouses rely on extensive amounts
of demand data to forecast with modest
accuracy what should be maintained in
stock. Demand data can be best described
as the frequency with which certain items
are required. Collected over years, this
data forms a picture of the replacement
parts required over time for each system
on record.
Demand data, however, cannot pre-
dict all critical failures, leaving weapons
systems susceptible to mission degrada-
tion for prolonged periods of time. New
systems have no demand data, making
predictive schedules for replacement
parts difficult. Legacy weapons systems
have failures that were never anticipated,
meaning no replacement parts were ever
produced. They may also have compo-
nents that are no longer manufactured.
AM has the potential to reduce risk as-
sociated with unanticipated demand by
94 Features / 3D Printing for Joint Agile Operations JFQ 95, 4th Quarter 2019
enabling production at the point of need.
In addition, AM enables leaner mobile
warehouses because the risk generated
by out-of-stock parts is reduced or elimi-
nated through on-site manufacturing.
The technology does not yet allow
for the elimination of these mobile ware-
houses, but it will allow stocks focused
on low-density, high-demand parts, par-
ticularly complex parts or parts requiring
materials or precision not easily produced
under current AM capabilities. More ef-
fective and condensed mobile warehouses
and global stocks will lighten the burden
on transportation assets and the distribu-
tion system. On a large scale, this would
result in reduced personnel and materiel-
handling equipment at distribution
hubs, en route locations, and agile bases.
Some of these personnel could instead
be trained to become AM specialists.
With fewer aircraft, ships, trucks, and rail
cars required to move items through the
supply chain, these transportation assets
could instead concentrate on the delivery
of operational forces and equipment to
and from agile bases.
Transportation assets, such as cargo
aircraft and ships, would also benefit from
an onboard or isolated location AM capa-
bility to support organic repair capabilities.
Units could make their own critical parts
on-site, allowing distribution missions to
continue on schedule. This would be es-
pecially useful when transportation assets
do not include mobile warehouse capabili-
ties or are themselves long distances from
logistics support. The increased availability
of transportation assets created by this
capability would allow resources to be
committed to other operational needs.
It would also enable more frequent trips
to isolated agile bases without increased
investment in transportation assets.
Adding an AM capability to preposi-
tioned stocks would directly support agile
basing concepts. The Army, Marines, and
Air Force depend on these ships to be
ready to respond to crises, but there are
only a few ships maintained worldwide
due to the immense investment required
to operate each. These stocks consist of a
large variety of items that enable crucial
weapons systems and combat personnel
including, but not limited to, materiel-
handling equipment, construction
equipment, generators, radios, refueling
equipment, medical equipment, and am-
munition. AM could be utilized to allow
more robust maintenance and repair
actions on board for both the ship and
stock, averting frequent returns to port
to restock. Returning to port takes days
to weeks and often includes significant
homeport maintenance periods, reducing
platform availability for crisis action and
increasing risk to potential operations.
AM would provide a means to mitigate
this risk.
Another advantage of utilizing AM
is the avoidance of sunk costs due to
obsolescence or end of service life. As
Army researcher Dr. Brandon McWilliams holds sample part created from powder at U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command’s Army
Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, February 25, 2019 (U.S. Army/David McNally)
JFQ 95, 4th Quarter 2019 Price, La Bash, and Land 95
military equipment is modernized over
time, prepositioned stock must be up-
dated, incurring periodic reinvestment
costs. Some of this replacement stock
is also discarded due to expiring shelf
life despite having never been used. AM
helps reduce these costs by enabling pro-
duction of equipment when it is actually
needed. When AM technology matures,
the increased equipment produced at
the time of need may allow for the con-
version from a few large prepositioned
stock vessels to a larger number of small
but equally capable ships. This will be
possible because AM will be able to
produce complex pieces of equipment
custom made for the mission. These ships
could more effectively provide coverage
for global operations, creating a much
more responsive prepositioned stock.
Improving the prepositioned stock fleet
in this way is critical to making agile oper-
ating concepts a reality.
Units across DOD are already be-
ginning to innovate utilizing AM to
develop new tools and to streamline
maintenance and supply procedures.
The Marine Corps Iwakuni Engine Ship
Kit, created by a technician in the unit
using a 3D printer, allows for the move-
ment of aircraft engines requiring repair
without draining oil and hydraulics.8
Marine Corps Systems Command and
Marine Corps Installations and Logistics
have created a transportable 3D print
lab prototype, X-FAB (Expeditionary
Fabrication Lab), for use with deployed
maintenance forces. The Chief of Naval
Operations’ Rapid Innovation Cell has
permanently installed one printer on the
USS Essex9
and has plans to install 3D
printers on two additional ships.10 Naval
Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) has
also approved the first metal part cre-
ated by AM for a 1-year trial on the USS
Harry S. Truman.
11
To support forward-deployed Soldiers,
U.S. Army Research, Development, and
Engineering Command (RDECOM)
has partnered with the Rapid Equipping
Force to help manage, staff, and support
its own 3D printing Expeditionary Labs
(Ex Labs), which can be deployed world-
wide. The Army Ex Lab is a fabrication
laboratory, self-contained in a 20-foot
shipping container. It contains four 3D
printers, currently limited to polymer
printing.12 One is deployed to Bagram
Airfield in Afghanistan, and another is
operating out of Camp Arifjan, Kuwait.13
This enables solutions to problems discov-
ered on the battlefield, but current policy
strictly confines AM to only emergency
repairs. Furthermore, to produce a repair
part, Soldiers are required to simultane-
ously requisition the item through the
supply system.14
The Defense Department has already
made significant investments in AM
technology, and America Makes—the
National Additive Manufacturing
Innovation Institute—was established
in 2012 as a public-private partnership
between the Federal Government, private
industry, and universities. It is managed
by the Air Force Research Laboratory
(AFRL).15 As a significant marker of
progress in the partnership, in June
2018, America Makes and the American
National Standards Institute published
version 2.0 of the AM Standardization
Roadmap, highlighting the gaps in and
steps to standardize the lifecycle of an
AM part.16 This work will go a long way
to boost industry development of AM
that can eventually be used by DOD.
Meanwhile, disparate organizations
within the Services are pursuing database
design and parts validation for AM. The
Navy has designated OPNAV N4 as lead
Navy synchronizer for AM.17 RDECOM
and U.S. Army Materiel Command are
creating a product data management
system to retain and share design data.18
RDECOM, the Office of Naval Research,
and AFRL all have laboratories that con-
duct AM research activities.19
The U.S. Government Accountability
Office recommended in October 2015
that DOD designate an Office of the
Secretary of Defense (OSD) lead for the
development and implementation of a
systematic approach to Department-wide
activities and resources that facilitate
the adoption of AM technology across
DOD. The primary driver is an ability
to track actual or potential performance
and combat capability improvements,
cost savings, and lessons learned.20 Over
a year later, on November 30, 2016, a
joint committee composed of Service,
Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), and
America Makes leads published a DOD
AM Roadmap containing high-level
goals for continued development and
implementation of AM objectives. The
committee assessed significant coordina-
tion across the Services but suggested
that more formal sharing mechanisms
and progress assessments were required,
including the assignment of a lead inte-
grator to coordinate DOD AM Roadmap
revisions.21 Despite coordination, it is
unclear if an OSD lead was ever named,
and each of the Services has developed or
is developing its own AM roadmap and
independent capabilities.
In order to enable AM for mainte-
nance and logistics, the whole of AM
implementation across DOD must be
matured. The independently produced
AM implementation plans for the Army,
Navy, and Air Force take separate ap-
proaches to developing AM across the
force. Only with unity of effort can DOD
efficiently overcome nine key implemen-
tation challenges:
• material standards and availability
• part selection
• skill set development
• configuration control
• reproducibility
• cyber security
• part validation and qualification
• process validation and qualification
• ability to reverse-engineer
components.22
And these challenges must be over-
come in order to achieve AM capabilities
that can support agile operating concepts.
For shorter term limited employment
of AM for repair parts, most critical is
the ability to develop, share, and retain
Technical Data Packages (TDPs), which
make parts printable, and the ability to
reproducibly print to adequate precision
and quality in the design-specified materi-
als. To enable AM for part production
more generally, a prerequisite for reliable,
competitive sourcing of spare parts is
a mature industry of AM manufactur-
ers using comparable printers, with a
defined set of material standards and file
formats.23
96 Features / 3D Printing for Joint Agile Operations JFQ 95, 4th Quarter 2019
The engineering and post-processing
intensity required for most parts means
that printing qualified parts will be dif-
ficult to achieve in austere environments.
A part must be qualified, or certified,
to meet certain design specifications
(temperature, pressure, forces, and mo-
tion over certain amount of time), in
order to be installed in a DOD system.
For a 3D part to be qualified, it must be
printed from a qualified printer: an AM
printer that has been itself certified as
able to reproduce the part to the same
specifications with each use. Competitive
bidding is also required among potential
manufacturers, translating into a require-
ment to certify multiple models of printer
(in use at different companies or built by
different manufacturers) that would need
to be qualified for each part.
Materials must also be certified by a
defined standard, increasing the develop-
mental work required by DOD to leverage
a still immature field to this task. In alloy
production, there are currently only a
few metals with an American Society
for Testing Materials standard defined
for AM. And for metal AM techniques,
significant facility and operational require-
ments exist to accurately and consistently
create parts, including controlled tempera-
ture, humidity, movement, and reliable
electrical power, containment of powders
to prevent accidental transport and con-
tamination of alloys on hand, specialized
equipment to clean the machine, and
material that must be disposed of—the
creation of soot-laden waste water in the
machine itself.24 To date, these constraints
have restricted field printing to polymers.
The variety of raw materials required
to manufacture repair parts is another
limitation that will need to be considered.
Systems design engineers will need to find
ways to reduce the diversity of materials in
order to permit leaner AM material stocks.
For example, it may be advantageous to
use more expensive materials for some
parts that do not actually require them
in order to use a single material across
several components, simply to reduce AM
raw material variety required in stock. To
implement AM in support of mobile ware-
houses, the right balance between stocking
replacement parts and raw materials is also
required to maximize the effectiveness and
minimize the overall size of all stock.
In order to most effectively develop
AM to support agile logistics, several
things must occur. First, a secure unified
digital network across DOD, contain-
ing certified TDPs themselves as well as
metadata regarding the printer, supplier
data, and certifying engineering activity,
is required. DLA Logistics Operations
Research and Development is developing
such a database in coordination with the
Services. It is also developing a repeatable
supplier qualification process and has de-
veloped a limited Additive Part Candidate
Identification Tool to help identify which
parts to prioritize for production using
AM.25 For the development of new
systems, contract language to handle
intellectual property issues and enable
future access to precise technical data will
be key to successfully harness AM capa-
bilities in the long term.
Second, DOD must develop stan-
dardized processes across the Services.
NAVSEA, the Naval Warfare Centers,
and DLA are building standardized
processes and guidelines for AM and
developing TDPs for parts that can no
longer be acquired through normal sup-
ply channels. The Naval Warfare Centers,
Systems Centers, and Naval Research
Laboratory are studying how best to
qualify and certify 3D printed parts. Naval
Surface Warfare Center Port Hueneme
is also looking at applications on ships,
specifically on the logistics, data librar-
ies, contracting mechanisms, and issues
regarding data rights.26 Process validation
remains rather intensive, with three differ-
ent printers at three different locations test
printing a single TDP in order for DLA to
then put out a bid for the contract manu-
facture of that part. One Warfare Center
materials engineer, however, has sug-
gested that eliminating the requirement
to qualify every individual part is required
to realize AM’s true potential.27 Because it
is not cost effective to validate in this way
every part that a unit might want to print
or design, there should be a streamlined
process for those parts meeting a lower
threshold of system criticality. Whatever
the standard, there must be a single stan-
dard implemented across DOD.
Third is shifting the requisition
process to incorporate AM, leveraging
a centrally managed database of quali-
fied parts to print where they are needed
instead of requisitioning parts through
normal supply channels. Robust multi-
function printing would then be viable at
in-theater depots. Although the Services
would largely print different parts, there is
likely to be some overlap in parts and sig-
nificant overlap in qualified printers and
materials, making unified and compatible
systems by design as well as federated test-
ing absolute must-haves for efficiency.
Fourth, safety standards must be
published and implemented. This includes
safety considerations for closed spaces,
such as shipboard environments or conex
boxes. The AM work environment must
both contain materials and allow adequate
ventilation in order to prevent hazards
to personnel, such as toxic gases released
during fusion of metal powders.28 The use
of personal protective gear and adequate
detection of and ventilation for a possible
gas leak from within a metal printer’s inert
gas atmosphere are required. This capacity
must be integrated within safety proce-
dures and hazardous waste programs.
Depending on part complexity, mate-
rial, and the AM capabilities forward,
some parts offer greater differential
advantage to stock rather than print. An
important fifth step in implementation is
prioritizing which parts should be devel-
oped for AM. Paired to part prioritization
is developing the level of printer capabili-
ties that would be most useful forward.
Costs and capabilities vary widely for 3D
printers, pricing anywhere from $2,000
for a home plastics printer to $50,000
for a basic metal printer to over a mil-
lion dollars for a larger, more accurate
multi-material printer. Differentiating
both parts and printers across a range of
attributes, including size, material, and
resolution requirements, is critical to
establishing which parts can realistically
be fabricated locally and which would be
better produced in more specialized facili-
ties, whether land-based, in-theater, or
back with the manufacturer. Some parts,
critical but difficult to precisely print,
would need to be retained in stock. For
mission-critical parts that can be precisely
JFQ 95, 4th Quarter 2019 Price, La Bash, and Land 97
3D printed—such as engine compo-
nents—whether steam plant or aviation,
weapons systems, and safety systems, a
long lead of material, printer, and part
qualification is required to ensure the
parts meet specifications.
Sixth, DOD must broadly assess
which spare parts across the inventory
would offer economic and operational
advantage if shifted to AM. This would
enable the prioritization of over 5 million
line items across the Defense Department
for further investigation, with unity of
effort and potential federation across
Service channels.29 Applying data sci-
entists to this effort will help systems
engineers prioritize their efforts. Criteria
for AM at point of need should include
high or intermittent demand, long lag
to receipt at supply depot, criticality of
readiness impact without component,
printing capability to produce a quali-
fied part if required, and accessibility of
design specifications in a TDP repository.
Adaptive modeling and visualization
of which policy adaptations, joint col-
laboration opportunities, and technical
solutions are most useful for increasing
capabilities forward, while reducing cost
would advise the most beneficial focuses
over time across the DOD enterprise.
Finally, it is critical that the most
cost-effective methods and processes be
determined. The cost calculations for an
AM implementation must include the
total cost of facilities, training or con-
tracting of operators, unified databases
with mechanisms to allow for intellectual
property rights of the designs, ongoing
fabrication materials costs, software and
machine service contracts, and program
management over time.30 As AM is
developed, the cost savings that can be
realized across DOD if the Services ap-
propriately leverage economies of scale
and avoid duplicative efforts cannot
be overemphasized. While relatively
segregated today across Services, TDP
development, database creation and
maintenance, contracting methods, safety
standards, and AM policy can and must
be accomplished jointly.
AM implementation across the
Department of Defense is in its early
stages. Current experimentation with
AM across the Services demonstrates
applications for agile operations, emer-
gency situations, and innovative uses.
However, there are significant program
development hurdles ahead to reach
AM’s potential. The DOD must identify
cross-Service solutions that will generate
a distinct operational advantage when
factors such as repair time and cost are
considered. Some of the most immediate
challenges include developing databases
of parts that can be printed locally;
establishing DOD-wide methods and
requirements for safety, parts, and printer
certification; and determining which parts
are best printed locally and which should
Marines with 7th Engineer Support Battalion and Sailors with Naval Mobile Construction Battalion 5 attach hose onto 3D concrete printer during 3D
Concrete Printing exercise at Camp Pendleton, California, December 9, 2018 (U.S. Marine Corps/Betzabeth Y. Galvan)
98 Features / 3D Printing for Joint Agile Operations JFQ 95, 4th Quarter 2019
be stocked or supplied through more
traditional supply channels. AM is a key
enabler for joint agile sustainment, but
joint must be part of the design.
The world is changing rapidly, and
potential adversaries will aim to rob the
United States of all of her advantages. As
we envision fighting in austere locations
and areas where we are denied access to
robust logistics bases, AM, if properly de-
veloped, represents a potential advantage
for U.S. forces. JFQ
Notes
1 National Security Strategy of the United
States of America (Washington, DC: The
White House, December 2017), 25, available
at <www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/up-
loads/2017/12/NSS-Final-12-18-2017-0905.
pdf>.2 U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Com-
mand Pamphlet 525-3-1, The U.S. Army in
Multi-Domain Operations, 2028 (Washington,
DC: Headquarters Department of the Army,
2018), iii, available at <www.tradoc.army.mil/
Portals/14/Documents/MDO/TP525-3-
1_30Nov2018.pdf>. 3 Ibid.
4 Lance M. Bacon, “Here’s How Marines
Are Using 3-D Printing to Make Their Own
Parts,” Marine Corps Times, April 30, 2016,
available at <www.marinecorpstimes.com/news/
your-marine-corps/2016/04/30/here-s-how-
marines-are-using-3-d-printing-to-make-their-
own-parts/>. 5 Voxel, a combination of the words volume
and pixel, describes the smallest modifiable
volume of a 3D-printed object. 6 Luiz Durão et al., “Additive Manufactur-
ing Scenarios for Distributed Production of
Spare Parts,” International Journal of Advanced
Manufacturing Technology 93, nos. 1–4 (2017),
869–880. 7 Paul Sharke, “How Practical Is 3-D Metal
Printing?” Mechanical Engineering 139, no. 10
(2017), 44–49. 8 Bacon, “Here’s How Marines Are Using
3-D Printing to Make Their Own Parts.” 9 Daniel Kent and Michael Carvelli, “Look-
ing at 3-D Printing from All Sides Now: New
Technology Offers Major Benefits for Army
Maintenance,” Army Magazine, November
2016, 19–21. 10 Government Accountability Office
(GAO), Defense Additive Manufacturing: DOD
Needs to Systematically Track Department-Wide
3D Printing Efforts, GAO 16-56 (Washington,
DC: GAO, 2015), 1–44, available at <www.gao.
gov/assets/680/673099.pdf>. 11 “NAVSEA Approves First Metal Additively
Manufactured Component for Ship,” NAVSEA
News, October 11, 2018, available at <www.nav-
sea.navy.mil/Media/News/Article/1659370/
navsea-approves-first-metal-additively-manufac-
tured-component-for-shipboard-use/>. 12 Steve Stark, “Why the Hype? Additive
Manufacturing Is All the Rage, but Why?” Army
AL&T Magazine, January 28, 2019, 91–95. 13 Argie Sarantinos-Perrin, “A New Dimen-
sion of Acquisition,” Army AL&T Magazine,
November 28, 2016, 82–87. 14 Steve Stark, “Complex Geometry: Addi-
tive Manufacturing Holds Great Potential, but
Much Work Remains to Be Done for the Army
to Get to Additive Nirvana,” Army AL&T
Magazine, January 23, 2019, 75–83. 15 GAO, Defense Additive Manufacturing. 16 American National Standards Institute
Prototype parts are 3D-printed in new Advanced and Additive Manufacturing Center of Excellence to troubleshoot machines at Joint Manufacturing and
Technology Center, Rock Island Arsenal, Illinois, May 15, 2019 (U.S. Army/Debralee Best)
submitted by Disastrous-Nebula463 to AdditiveManufacturing [link] [comments]


2021.11.29 08:58 JaeJaeMonz Opened my comms and this was my first comm!

Opened my comms and this was my first comm!
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2021.11.29 08:58 Ethan-Hayes706 Whats a reasonable markup for making a desktop?

I'm getting a desktop made and just wondering what a reasonable markup/building fee is. The desktop is an L desk being 90" on one side and 52'on the other with a 25" depth on both sides with a 1.5" thickness. The wood to make this should cost around 50$ with tax (Pine, CAD) What I am wondering is how much should the markup be for the builder to make/stain/seal the desktop? Keep in mind this is not a full desk with legs or anything else just a desktop. And from what woodworking videos I have watched it seemed pretty simple. Thanks!
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2021.11.29 08:58 Bunnystrawbery 🔥 Sea sheep are one of the few animals that use algae to photosynthesize.

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2021.11.29 08:58 Tallulahmwah You can look but don’t touch 👀 A creep can’t touch a goddess ✨

You can look but don’t touch 👀 A creep can’t touch a goddess ✨ submitted by Tallulahmwah to britishgirls [link] [comments]


2021.11.29 08:58 vikramgoel68 Is Decentralization the future of the Internet?

Just like democracy, decentralization also focuses on the power of the multitude. Satoshi Nakamoto crafted Bitcoin to disrupt centralized modes of financial transactions. By doing so, he introduces Blockchain to the world and if the title of this article grabbed your attention you already must have some idea about the same, as decentralization is a dream squeezed into reality by Blockchain technology.
We all heard about how in one bitcoin exchange, 1 BTC topped at nearly $13,500, just shy of 2 times the value of the International market. Price reached $17,900. Price rose 5% in 24 hours, with its value being up 1,824% since 1 January 2017, to reach a new all-time high. But around 10 years back, who would’ve guessed 1 BTC would go from $0.008 to $18k, only if we were smart enough to ask our parents to buy it for us. They say time is money and now we literally know why.
Into Finance with Cryptocurrencies.
Since we have talked about Bitcoin, how can we forget about Ethereum? Ethereum is known for its unique way of approaching the same problem Bitcoin tried to solve. When Bitcoin started out it made use of Proof of Work (PoW) as its consensus algorithm, but Ethereum came up with the Proof of Stake(PoS) Algorithm. PoW essentially hires “Miners” to validate transactions on the blockchain whereas in PoS the validators (players in the transaction) lock up some Ether on a certain transaction and if it clears then they get their Ether back with a reward, otherwise, they lose everything they had put in the lock. Just like a poker night…
Continue Reading
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2021.11.29 08:58 Cro94 Imate kakvu ideju kako da prebrodim anksioznost od cijepljenja?

Prije par godina imao sam prvi panicni napad i od tada svakih par mjeseci me ulovi hipohondrija u vezi srca koja traje jedan-dva dana. Kako je najvise nuspojava cjepiva vezano za srce mene to stvarno jako muci. Mislim da bi se psihicki pojeo a zelim se cjepit! Imate kakav prijedlog?
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2021.11.29 08:58 tbzmrn A partir de cuando se paga la multa por las elecciones?

Y donde se paga? No llegue con el bondi para poder votar.
Gracias
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2021.11.29 08:58 bs-Valiria History of Westeros - Valar Rereadis: Resenha de A Guerra dos Tronos: 10 coisas que você faria no lugar de Lorde Baelish

History of Westeros - Valar Rereadis: Resenha de A Guerra dos Tronos: 10 coisas que você faria no lugar de Lorde Baelish submitted by bs-Valiria to BrasilSimulator [link] [comments]


2021.11.29 08:58 FitDistribution1922 friendship ending

Ive been friends with this girl for years. it ended mostly naturally we really just grew apart and i emotionally unavailable due to personal reasons. she ended up claiming to me (over text) saying i never cared for her and was fake the entirety of our friendship, i apologized and owned up immediately regardless of if her claim are wholly true, i just hate arguing and any confrontation. we both then agreed not to continue our friendship. but recently she texted me and i being the anxiety case i am blocked her stupidly. she contact me hours later pissed(very understandable) reiterating that i was a bad friend to her. she was also mad i blocked her claiming i was putting on a victim act. and that she wanted to talk in the first place to apologize for being aggressive towards me? i apologized then multiple times and said i was over this and didn’t want to continue antagonizing over it. i had nothing left to say i had made my boundaries clear and apologized profusely for our fall out and my mistakes. i then wished her well and blocked her tired of arguing fruitlesly. after this i got a text from a number i dont know saying to watch out in monday and that im a bitch. like she or someone she knows was gonna fight me i feel guilty and kind of scared to go back to school. What is the best idea for me now i feel like we’ve both said all that we need to. And i cant fight like i am weak and not violent at all so .. any advice ?
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2021.11.29 08:58 _TravelerAether_ Aether Appreciation post over at main Genshin Subreddit!

Aether Appreciation post over at main Genshin Subreddit! submitted by _TravelerAether_ to Aether_Mains [link] [comments]


2021.11.29 08:58 drakehfh PDF converter

Hello everyone,
I am looking for a self hosted PDF convertor (DOCX, JGP etc...). It should have a web UI which can be used by non tech people.
I haven't found anything yet. I remember some time ago I came across something similar which did a lot of things for PDF files but I can't find it again.
Any recommendations?
Thanks in advance
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2021.11.29 08:58 gabbielee Minke Arias brother in season 2 actually really irritates me with his little house robberies.

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2021.11.29 08:58 ColonelGonvilleToast The Family Friend (2006)

The Family Friend (2006) submitted by ColonelGonvilleToast to CineShots [link] [comments]


2021.11.29 08:58 Funzar GPU just stopped.

I was in a Zoom call, when the Zoom picture just froze. At first I thought that it's just Zoom or my internet issues but then both of my monitors went black with just a single notification "No connection". I looked at my GPU and its fans weren't moving. I tried to reconnect it and it worked! However I am still confused. What was it? Was it a sign of upcoming death of my GPU?
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2021.11.29 08:58 Dark_Demon_69 My dick can fit through this tiny ring………

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